In the literature: September 2023 highlights

Click here to read some interesting recently published papers from our community. If you have published an article in the field of in silico medicine, send it to us: we will include it in this section of the newsletter!

Journal of Medical Internet Research: Mapping Factors That Affect the Uptake of Digital Therapeutics Within Health Systems: Scoping Review

Robin van Kessel et al

Abstract

Digital therapeutics are patient-facing digital health interventions that can significantly alter the health care landscape. Despite digital therapeutics being used to successfully treat a range of conditions, their uptake in health systems remains limited. Understanding the full spectrum of uptake factors is essential to identify ways in which policy makers and providers can facilitate the adoption of effective digital therapeutics within a health system, as well as the steps developers can take to assist in the deployment of products.

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Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology: Muscle-Driven Forward Dynamic Active Hybrid Model of the Lumbosacral Spine: Combined FEM and Multibody Simulation

Robin Remus et al

Abstract

Most spine models belong to either the musculoskeletal multibody (MB) or finite element (FE) method. Recently, coupling of MB and FE models has increasingly been used to combine advantages of both methods. Active hybrid FE-MB models, still rarely used in spine research, avoid the interface and convergence problems associated with model coupling. They provide the inherent ability to account for the full interplay of passive and active mechanisms for spinal stability. In this paper, we developed and validated a novel muscle-driven forward dynamics active hybrid FE-MB model of the lumbosacral spine (LSS) in ArtiSynth to simultaneously calculate muscle activation patterns, vertebral movements, and internal mechanical loads. The model consisted of the rigid vertebrae L1-S1 interconnected with hyperelastic fiber-reinforced FE intervertebral discs, ligaments, facet joints, and force actuators representing the muscles. Morphological muscle data were implemented via a semi-automated registration process. Four auxiliary bodies were utilized to describe non-linear muscle paths by wrapping and attaching the anterior abdominal muscles. This included an abdominal plate whose kinematics was optimized using motion capture data from upper body movements. Intra-abdominal pressure was calculated from the forces of the abdominal muscles compressing the abdominal cavity. For the muscle-driven approach, forward dynamics assisted data tracking was used to predict muscle activation patterns that generate spinal postures and balance the spine without prescribing accurate spinal kinematics. During calibration, the maximum specific muscle tension and spinal rhythms resulting from the model dynamics were evaluated. To validate the model, load cases were simulated from -10° extension to +30° flexion with weights up to 20 kg in both hands . The biomechanical model responses were compared with in vivo literature data of intradiscal pressures, intra-abdominal pressures, and muscle activities. The results demonstrated high agreement with this data and highlight the advantages of active hybrid modeling for the LSS. Overall, this new self-contained tool provides a robust and efficient estimation of LSS biomechanical responses under in vivo similar loads, for example, to improve pain treatment by spinal stabilization therapies.

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Annals of Biomedical Engineering: EMG Validation of a Subject-Specific Thoracolumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Model During Dynamic Activities in Older Adults

Mohammad Mehdi Alemi et al

Abstract

Musculoskeletal models can uniquely estimate in vivo demands and injury risk. In this study, we aimed to compare muscle activations from subject-specific thoracolumbar spine OpenSim models with recorded muscle activity from electromyography (EMG) during five dynamic tasks. Specifically, 11 older adults (mean = 65 years, SD = 9) lifted a crate weighted to 10% of their body mass in axial rotation, 2-handed sagittal lift, 1-handed sagittal lift, and lateral bending, and simulated a window opening task. EMG measurements of back and abdominal muscles were directly compared to equivalent model-predicted activity for temporal similarity via maximum absolute normalized cross-correlation (MANCC) coefficients and for magnitude differences via root-mean-square errors (RMSE), across all combinations of participants, dynamic tasks, and muscle groups. We found that across most of the tasks the model reasonably predicted temporal behavior of back extensor muscles (median MANCC = 0.92 ± 0.07) but moderate temporal similarity was observed for abdominal muscles (median MANCC = 0.60 ± 0.20). Activation magnitude was comparable to previous modeling studies, and median RMSE was 0.18 ± 0.08 for back extensor muscles. Overall, these results indicate that our thoracolumbar spine model can be used to estimate subject-specific in vivo muscular activations for these dynamic lifting tasks.

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Heliyon: Literature review of digital twin in healthcare

Tatiana Mallet Machado , Fernando Tobal Berssaneti

Abstract

This article aims to make a bibliometric literature review using systematic scientific mapping and content analysis of digital twins in healthcare to know the evolution, domain, keywords, content type, and kind and purpose of digital twin’s implementation in healthcare, so a consolidation and future improvement of existing knowledge can be made and gaps for new studies can be identified. The increase in publications of digital twins in healthcare is quite recent and it is still concentrated in the domain of technology sources. The subject is majorly concentrated in patient’s digital twin group and in precision medicine and aspects, issues and/or policies subgroups, although the publications keywords mirror it only at the group side. Digital twins in healthcare are probably stepping out of the infancy phase. On the other hand, digital twins in hospital group and the device and facilities management subgroups are more mature with all knowledge gathered from the manufacturing sector. There is an absence of some publication’s types in general, device and care subgroup and no whole body or hospital digital twin was reported. Based on the presented arguments, guidelines for future research were presented: advance in the creation of general frameworks, in subgroups not as much explored, and in groups and subgroups already explored, but that need more advancement to achieve the main goals of a whole human or hospital digital twin with the main issues resolved.

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Date: 20/09/2023 | Tag: | News: 1492 of 1574
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