On 8 April 2019, the EC published a communication entitled “Building Trust in Human-Centric Artificial Intelligence”, presenting the next steps of its work on ethical guidelines on artificial intelligence (AI).
The purpose of the communication is to launch a comprehensive piloting phase involving stakeholders to test the practical implementation of ethical guidance for AI development and use. In its communication, the Commission unveils seven key requirements to ensure trustworthy AI applications:
The Commission also published an assessment list to help stakeholders check whether the requirements are fulfilled.
The Commission will now launch a targeted piloting phase to obtain feedback from stakeholders. This exercise will focus in particular on the assessment list developed by the high-level expert group on AI, to help verify whether each of the key requirements is fulfilled.
At the beginning of 2020, based on the evaluation of feedback received during the piloting phase, the AI high-level expert group will review and update the ethics guidelines published in December 2018. The Commission will also evaluate the outcome of the review and propose any next steps.
The Commission considers that the trustworthiness of AI should be ensured by the implementation of ethical guidelines built on the existing regulatory framework. The Commission also believes that these guidelines should be applied by developers, suppliers and users of AI in the internal market. That being the case, the proposed guidelines are non-binding and therefore do not create any new legal obligations.
In December, the European Commission presented a coordinated plan on Artificial Intelligence to foster the development and use of AI in Europe. Moreover, the High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence released the first draft of its Ethics Guidelines on the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI).
Following a stakeholder consultation and meetings with Member State representatives, the AI expert group shared a revised document with the Commission in March 2019. Overall, stakeholders so far welcomed the ethical guidelines.